Building construction is the body of a building. Part of the construction of buildings is a compiler that has its own properties, materials and purposes in a building. Building construction can be divided into two groups. The upper part of the building functions to support building construction, such as walls, house vents and roofs. The lower part of the building is responsible for supporting the construction of buildings.
For those of you who intend to build a house or just increase knowledge about building construction, let’s know in advance, what parts of the building construction should be in the house!
The very bottom of the building is called the foundation. This foundation is a part of the building which is directly related to hard soil. The foundation is the most basic part of building construction, its function is to support the entire building. Having a solid foundation is the most important thing. The foundation itself must meet three conditions, which are placed on the right land, have a small risk of landslides, and are not prone to subsidence. Foundation building materials are usually composed of bricks, river stones, or concrete.
2. Concrete Balak
If the foundation serves to carry the burden of the building to the ground, then the concrete beam is assigned to carry the load to the foundation below. In addition, the construction of this building also makes it easy to build walls.
The ability of different soils to support buildings can cause some buildings to decline. That is why the construction of buildings in the form of a mixture of steel and concrete is very necessary, the point is to hold the building in line.
3. Building construction on the wall
The wall is one of the upper building construction, built on concrete blocks. The wall serves to separate the inside and outside of the dwelling, as well as the room partition. If the wall is in the middle of the building, the wall is also useful to withstand the burden of building construction on it. Based on the raw material, the walls are classified into three types. 3 types, namely traditional walls (made from pure natural materials: wood and bamboo), semi-permanent (made from traditional and modern combination materials), and modern or concrete (made of concrete).
4. Ventilate the house
What is ventilation? Ventilation is the construction of buildings that play a role in the exchange of air from outside into dwellings. Ventilation is not only about windows, doors and wall holes, including ventilation. The location and size of the construction of this one building has a major effect on comfort, health, and residential safety. Place vents in front or side of your house, small holes near the ceiling can also make the occupancy temperature cooler.
5. Latex beams
This one building construction is in the section or door or window, serves to withstand the burden of the upper building. Latex beams reduce the burden of the window frame in support so that the frame does not risk curling or breaking even when shaken by an earthquake. The most important function of the latei beam is to keep the frame firmly standing even in the event of an earthquake.
6. Ring Beams
Construction of buildings made from concrete is located right above the wall. Its main function is to stabilize the position of the wall underneath, and strengthen the top of the column. Ring beam consists of several components such as concrete, steel reinforcement, and formwork beam (concrete mold). The Beam or Column Ring is just above the sloof beam.
The roof is the top of the building construction with the main function as a protector of shelter from the weather and outside interference. The roof ensures the safety and flexibility of the occupants of the house. The Roof also beautifies a building. It also functions as a protector of the privacy of a building. Now the roof design of a building also affects the appearance of a building.